PFAS Waste Generation and Disposal

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January 2022 – Through a Freedom of Information Act request, PEER received data from EPA on PFAS transfers identified in hazardous waste e-manifests and state waste code searches. This data and the map PEER produced has information on the generation, storage, and disposal of almost 14 million kilograms of waste contaminated with PFAS between July 2018 and August 2021.


Over 120,000 Facilities “May Be Handling” PFAS

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October 2021 – After several Freedom of Information Act requests and a lawsuit, PEER received an EPA data set with information on some 120,000 industrial facilities that “may be handling” PFAS – with that information, we produced our own map of these facilities.

Forever Chemicals Everywhere

PEER works to protect public health and wildlife from per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) contamination. Unfortunately, the absence of enforceable federal health and environmental standards for PFAS poses a significant and growing threat to our health, water, and soil. A key cause for concern is that these so-called “forever chemicals” do not break down in the environment, many of which are toxic, and some bio-accumulate in the food chain — and in us.

PFAS are used as fire retardants and repellents; in consumer products, such as furniture, take-out containers, and non-stick cookware; and have many other applications. Human exposure to PFAS is associated with cancer, birth defects, developmental damage to infants, and impaired functioning of the liver, kidneys, and immune system.

Yet, an estimated 200 million Americans are drinking water contaminated with PFAS, and PFAS have also been found in grocery store meats, milk, seafood, bottled water, as well as in wild fish and game. Studies have also found PFAS in the bloodstream of 99% of Americans.

Although the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) knows of about 12,039 types of PFAS, it has failed to set a legal limit for PFAS in drinking water, clean up existing PFAS pollution, reduce ongoing releases of PFAS, and ban PFAS from everyday products. The only action taken has been to issue a non-enforceable health advisory, even though there are more than 2,854 known contaminated sites. This number will surely grow as more communities begin testing.

PEER is urging EPA to regulate PFAS as a class of chemicals and to classify waste contaminated with PFAS as a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), so that it can be more safely managed during generation, transportation, and disposal. In addition, PEER continues to expose how EPA violates its own scientific integrity norms and guidance in approving PFAS chemicals for use. We also work vigorously to release to the public information on PFAS that EPA tries to keep hidden from the public.

Petitioning the EPA

The absence of federal standards for tracking and managing waste contaminated with toxic per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) poses a significant and growing threat to our health, water, and soil. That is why, over two years ago, PEER petitioned EPAto issue a rule listing waste containing PFAS as a hazardous waste under Subpart C of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). EPA has not yet responded to our petition. (Click  image to read petition)

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Toxic Chemicals in Your Backyard

Environmental Protection Agency Data: Does it Point to Colorado as the PFAS Capital of the U.S.?

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PFAS News and Resources

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COMMENTARY | Startling New EPA Data on PFAS Waste Disposal

Recently obtained data from EPA documents what is likely only a small fraction of the generation and disposal of ...

Comment on PFAS Monitoring Plan – to Minnesota Pollution Control Agency – 01-21-2022 (PDF)

DESCRIPTION: Comment (via letter) to Minnesota Pollution Control Agency on Draft PFAS Monitoring Plan Comment TO: ...

Letter to Minnesota Pollution Control Agency – Impaired waters list and PFAS – 01-07-2022 (PDF)

DESCRIPTION: Letter to MPCA regarding the impaired waters list, to consider expanding the type and levels of PFAS ...

EPA’s PFAS Action Plan A Dud

Response Too Weak and Limited to Protect Public Health 

PEERMail | From PFAS to Climate Change: Are we Moving Forward Yet?

While we have many reasons to be optimistic, the Biden Administration's environmental actions so far are falling short.

California May Have Second Most PFAS Sites of Any State

EPA Identifies 120,000 Potential PFAS Sites in U.S. – Far More Than Ever  

EPA Identifies More Than 120,000 Potential PFAS Sites in U.S.  

Limited Reporting and Growing Corporate Secrecy Blur Clearer Picture   

Colorado May Have the Most PFAS Sites of Any State  

EPA Identifies Around 120,000 Potential PFAS Sites in U.S. – Far More Than Ever  

Revealed | EPA Data on potential PFAS Sites

The scale of potential PFAS problems is several times larger than previously understood - more than 120,000 ...

Removal of Toxic PFAS from Firefighter Gear Blocked  

High Levels of Forever Chemicals Infused in Protective Turnout Gear   

Webinar | Toxic Chemicals, Whistleblowers, and the Need for Reform at EPA

New and dangerous chemicals are being approved at an alarming rate by EPA.

Drive for PFAS-Free Firefighter Gear Hits a Wall

Industry Controls Turnout Gear Standards; Critical Vote Tomorrow 

COMMENTARY | The Chemistry Council’s PFAS Disinformation Campaign

The American Chemistry Council is trying to convince federal and state legislators that PFAS isn't a problem that ...

Letter to Rep. Cyr and Sen. Hogan about June 16, 2021 PFAS Interagency Task Force Hearing (PDF)

DESCRIPTION: Inaccuracies and Misinformation in the June 16, 2021 PFAS Interagency Task Force Hearing TO: ...

Letter to Michael Regan – pesticides – 06-15-2021 (PDF)

DESCRIPTION: Letter to EPA regarding the improper fast-tracked approval of pesticides containing PFAS and (up to ...

Flea-Control Products Found to Be Infested With Forever Chemicals 

High PFAS Levels Pose Additional Risks to Pets, Owners 

COMMENTARY | New England States Must Act on PFAS in Pesticides

PFAS laden pesticides being sprayed aerially to control mosquitoes is yet another exposure to this ubiquitous ...

Webinar | Long Island’s Toxic Forever Chemicals

The EPA’s failure to regulate PFAS is causing tremendous health, environmental, and economic damage on Long Island.

COMMENTARY | Dunn Landfill’s Environmental Injustice

Dunn Landfill in New York impacts the residents of Rensselaer with problems like truck traffic, odor, dust and leachate.

COMMENTARY | It’s Time to Ban Most PFAS Uses

Congress needs to step up and ban all but essential uses of PFAS and hold polluters accountable. Every delay in ...