Area of Work

Waters of the United States: History

by | January 1, 2019
WOTUS History The federal Clean Water Act  (CWA) was passed in 1972 in order to eliminate discharges of pollutants into navigable waters without a permit. The CWA tasks the EPA with prohibiting “the discharge of any pollutant” to navigable waters from any point source. The term “ ...

Wolves

by | May 9, 2017
War on Wolves and Science Having been eradicated from the lower 48 states due to unfettered hunting during the early twentieth century, gray wolves (Canis lupus) have been a hallmark species for the success of the Endangered Species Act. More than twenty years after being listed as an ...

Wolf-Livestock Avoidance

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As gray wolves return to their native habitat, some livestock operators have voiced alarm. These concerns can be put to rest by effective non-lethal control programs. In Washington State, for example, the Legislature launched an effort to better understand wolf-livestock interactions as ...

Wiring the Wild

by | November 6, 2014
As part of its upcoming 2016 centennial, the National Park Service has embraced an industry-sponsored initiative which would change the way many visitors experience national parks. These plans to significantly expand cellular and internet “connectivity” inside parks have advanced ...

Telecom Act & Parks

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It was the Telecommunications Act of 1996 that opened the door to cell towers on federal lands.  But that law merely required the President to establish procedures for executive agencies to use when considering applications for telecommunications facilities on federal lands.  ...

Commercializing Parks

by | October 3, 2012
A new plan promotes corporate marketing, logo displays and sale of naming rights inside national parks Unlike Disneyland, our national parks serve a purpose far beyond immediate visitor enjoyment and revenue generation; they are supposed to preserve the best of our natural and cultural ...